Installation Guide

XGBoost provides binary packages for some language bindings. The binary packages support the GPU algorithm (gpu_hist) on machines with NVIDIA GPUs. Please note that training with multiple GPUs is only supported for Linux platform. See XGBoost GPU Support. Also we have both stable releases and nightly builds, see below for how to install them. For building from source, visit this page.

Stable Release

Python

Pre-built binary are uploaded to PyPI (Python Package Index) for each release. Supported platforms are Linux (x86_64, aarch64), Windows (x86_64) and MacOS (x86_64).

pip install xgboost

You might need to run the command with --user flag or use virtualenv if you run into permission errors. Python pre-built binary capability for each platform:

Platform

GPU

Multi-Node-Multi-GPU

Linux x86_64

Linux aarch64

MacOS

Windows

R

  • From CRAN:

    install.packages("xgboost")
    

    Note

    Using all CPU cores (threads) on Mac OSX

    If you are using Mac OSX, you should first install OpenMP library (libomp) by running

    brew install libomp
    

    and then run install.packages("xgboost"). Without OpenMP, XGBoost will only use a single CPU core, leading to suboptimal training speed.

  • We also provide experimental pre-built binary on Linux x86_64 with GPU support. Download the binary package from the Releases page. The file name will be of the form xgboost_r_gpu_linux_[version].tar.gz. Then install XGBoost by running:

    # Install dependencies
    R -q -e "install.packages(c('data.table', 'jsonlite'))"
    # Install XGBoost
    R CMD INSTALL ./xgboost_r_gpu_linux.tar.gz
    

JVM

You can use XGBoost4J in your Java/Scala application by adding XGBoost4J as a dependency:

Maven
<properties>
  ...
  <!-- Specify Scala version in package name -->
  <scala.binary.version>2.12</scala.binary.version>
</properties>

<dependencies>
  ...
  <dependency>
      <groupId>ml.dmlc</groupId>
      <artifactId>xgboost4j_${scala.binary.version}</artifactId>
      <version>latest_version_num</version>
  </dependency>
  <dependency>
      <groupId>ml.dmlc</groupId>
      <artifactId>xgboost4j-spark_${scala.binary.version}</artifactId>
      <version>latest_version_num</version>
  </dependency>
</dependencies>
sbt
libraryDependencies ++= Seq(
  "ml.dmlc" %% "xgboost4j" % "latest_version_num",
  "ml.dmlc" %% "xgboost4j-spark" % "latest_version_num"
)

This will check out the latest stable version from the Maven Central.

For the latest release version number, please check release page.

To enable the GPU algorithm (tree_method='gpu_hist'), use artifacts xgboost4j-gpu_2.12 and xgboost4j-spark-gpu_2.12 instead (note the gpu suffix).

Note

Windows not supported in the JVM package

Currently, XGBoost4J-Spark does not support Windows platform, as the distributed training algorithm is inoperational for Windows. Please use Linux or MacOS.

Nightly Build

Python

Nightly builds are available. You can go to this page, find the wheel with the commit ID you want and install it with pip:

pip install <url to the wheel>

The capability of Python pre-built wheel is the same as stable release.

R

Other than standard CRAN installation, we also provide experimental pre-built binary on Linux x86_64 with GPU support. You can go to this page, Find the commit ID you want to install: xgboost_r_gpu_linux_[commit].tar.gz, download it then run:

# Install dependencies
R -q -e "install.packages(c('data.table', 'jsonlite', 'remotes'))"
# Install XGBoost
R CMD INSTALL ./xgboost_r_gpu_linux.tar.gz

JVM

First add the following Maven repository hosted by the XGBoost project:

Maven
<repository>
  <id>XGBoost4J Snapshot Repo</id>
  <name>XGBoost4J Snapshot Repo</name>
  <url>https://s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/xgboost-maven-repo/snapshot/</url>
</repository>
sbt
resolvers += "XGBoost4J Snapshot Repo" at "https://s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/xgboost-maven-repo/snapshot/"

Then add XGBoost4J as a dependency:

maven
<properties>
  ...
  <!-- Specify Scala version in package name -->
  <scala.binary.version>2.12</scala.binary.version>
</properties>

<dependencies>
  ...
  <dependency>
      <groupId>ml.dmlc</groupId>
      <artifactId>xgboost4j_${scala.binary.version}</artifactId>
      <version>latest_version_num-SNAPSHOT</version>
  </dependency>
  <dependency>
      <groupId>ml.dmlc</groupId>
      <artifactId>xgboost4j-spark_${scala.binary.version}</artifactId>
      <version>latest_version_num-SNAPSHOT</version>
  </dependency>
</dependencies>
sbt
libraryDependencies ++= Seq(
  "ml.dmlc" %% "xgboost4j" % "latest_version_num-SNAPSHOT",
  "ml.dmlc" %% "xgboost4j-spark" % "latest_version_num-SNAPSHOT"
)

Look up the version field in pom.xml to get the correct version number.

The SNAPSHOT JARs are hosted by the XGBoost project. Every commit in the master branch will automatically trigger generation of a new SNAPSHOT JAR. You can control how often Maven should upgrade your SNAPSHOT installation by specifying updatePolicy. See here for details.

You can browse the file listing of the Maven repository at https://s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/xgboost-maven-repo/list.html.

To enable the GPU algorithm (tree_method='gpu_hist'), use artifacts xgboost4j-gpu_2.12 and xgboost4j-spark-gpu_2.12 instead (note the gpu suffix).