"""
Demo for gamma regression
=========================
"""
import numpy as np
import xgboost as xgb
# this script demonstrates how to fit gamma regression model (with log link function)
# in xgboost, before running the demo you need to generate the autoclaims dataset
# by running gen_autoclaims.R located in xgboost/demo/data.
data = np.genfromtxt('../data/autoclaims.csv', delimiter=',')
dtrain = xgb.DMatrix(data[0:4741, 0:34], data[0:4741, 34])
dtest = xgb.DMatrix(data[4741:6773, 0:34], data[4741:6773, 34])
# for gamma regression, we need to set the objective to 'reg:gamma', it also suggests
# to set the base_score to a value between 1 to 5 if the number of iteration is small
param = {'objective':'reg:gamma', 'booster':'gbtree', 'base_score':3}
# the rest of settings are the same
watchlist = [(dtest, 'eval'), (dtrain, 'train')]
num_round = 30
# training and evaluation
bst = xgb.train(param, dtrain, num_round, watchlist)
preds = bst.predict(dtest)
labels = dtest.get_label()
print('test deviance=%f' % (2 * np.sum((labels - preds) / preds - np.log(labels) + np.log(preds))))