Use GPU to speedup SHAP value computation

Demonstrates using GPU acceleration to compute SHAP values for feature importance.

import shap
from sklearn.datasets import fetch_california_housing

import xgboost as xgb

# Fetch dataset using sklearn
data = fetch_california_housing()
X =
y =

num_round = 500

param = {
    "eta": 0.05,
    "max_depth": 10,
    "tree_method": "hist",
    "device": "cuda",

# GPU accelerated training
dtrain = xgb.DMatrix(X, label=y, feature_names=data.feature_names)
model = xgb.train(param, dtrain, num_round)

# Compute shap values using GPU with xgboost
model.set_param({"device": "cuda"})
shap_values = model.predict(dtrain, pred_contribs=True)

# Compute shap interaction values using GPU
shap_interaction_values = model.predict(dtrain, pred_interactions=True)

# shap will call the GPU accelerated version as long as the device parameter is set to
# "cuda"
explainer = shap.TreeExplainer(model)
shap_values = explainer.shap_values(X)

# visualize the first prediction's explanation
    shap_values[0, :],
    X[0, :],

# Show a summary of feature importance
shap.summary_plot(shap_values, X, plot_type="bar", feature_names=data.feature_names)

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